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Industry in İzmir


The share of industry within the gross added value that İzmir produces is 26.9%.

İzmir’s industry covers 6.5% of Turkish industry on its own. The 31.1% of the employees are employed in the industry sector.

Small industry sites, organized industry zones, free zones, and techno parks contribute to the development of İzmir’s industry.

The development of İzmir relies upon the 1st İzmir Economic Congress organized between 17th February and 4th March 1923.  After the Congress, important steps were taken for planned industrialization.

Aliağa, Bornova, Çiğli, Gaziemir, Kemalpaşa, Menderes, Menemen and Torbalı are the districts, the industry investments are concentrated. 

Textile, manufacturing of outfit and readymade garment, food, beverages, tobacco, petrochemicals, furniture, plastics, construction materials, medical equipment, packaging, moulding, aerospace, defense industry, renewable energy, automotive, iron-steel and shoe sector are important industry branches in İzmir.

Alcoholic drinks and tobacco products are the sectors that produce the highest added value in the sectors related to agriculture; they create employment and are an important branch of industry which contribute directly or indirectly to each part of society from agriculture to transportation.

The petrochemical sector, representing 25% of the total chemicals production of our country, is a locomotive sector which provides input for other sectors. Petkim Petrokimya Holding  INC. (PETKİM) Aliağa facilities, one of the biggest petrochemical companies, in Turkey, are located in İzmir.

İzmir hosts the first refinery investment realized by the private sector with the Project of Star Refinery, which is still under construction, in Petkim peninsula, of 10 million tons of capacity per year. Besides one of the 4 petroleum refineries of Turkey Petrol Refineries A.Ş (TÜPRAŞ) which is Europe’s 7th and the world’s 28th biggest petrol refinery is located in İzmir.

The Automotive sector is among the locomotive sectors of our country. Therefore it is extremely important that the continuous growth of the sector is essential for the country’s economy, development, and employment.  There are large scaled companies in the automotive sector, operating in Izmir, and making foreign trade at high rates.  The number of automotive per 1000 persons is 110. Considering that this ratio is low compared to European Union countries such as France and Germany and the fact that young population rate is higher in our country compared to other countries; the high consumption potential in the automotive sector.

There are big scale companies operating in the automotive sector in İzmir and have an intense foreign trade. Most of the industrial plants are located in the Organized İndustrial Zones (OIZ) and in small industrial sites. There are many small industrial sites in the city. 49 out of the total 311 OIZ, in Turkey, are located in the Aegean Region while 13 of the 49 OIZ are located in İzmir.

These OIZs are; İTOB OIZ, Aliağa Chemicals Specialisation and Mixed OIZ, Bağyurdu OIZ, Bergama OIZ, İzmir Atatürk OIZ, Buca Aegean Clothing OIZ, İzmir Kemalpaşa OIZ, İzmir Pancar OIZ, Kınık OIZ, Menemen Plastical Specialisation OIZ, Ödemiş OIZ, Tire OIZ and Torbalı OIZ.

Aegean Free Zone (ESBAŞ), in Gaziemir, and the İzmir Free Zone (İZBAŞ), in Menemen, are the 2 important free zones of the city.  Particularly İZBAŞ is one of the OIZ’s, that has the biggest trade volume and has great a contribution to the Izmir economy in terms of employment. Aegean OIZ is operating since 1990. Moreover, currently, it is regarded as one of the most successful OIZ’s in Europe.  The OIZ in Menemen, Izmir, is 16 miles away from Aliağa port area and is nearby the Çandarlı Port to be one of the biggest ports in the world after its ongoing construction period is finalized.

The number of technology zones that provide cooperation between industry and university with the aim of producing goods and services of advanced technology in İzmir increase from day to day. Especially, the Aegean Free Zone is among the biggest free zones of Turkey in terms of trade volume.

The total number reached up to 4 with the İzmir Science Park founded by our Chamber,  the Dokuz Eylül Technology Development Zone,  the Aegean Techno Park Technology Development Zone,  and the İzmir Technology Development Zone.

Within the development strategy based on export, the free zones that are seen as an important means for the increase of the country’s exports contribute greatly to the development of İzmir’s foreign trade. Izmir Science Park, located in Menderes, Izmir in ITOB, was declared and established as the 42nd Techno park of Turkey, in October 2012 with the leadership of İzmir University of Economics and İzmir Chamber of Commerce with the participation of ITOB OIZ, İzmir Commodity Exchange,  Aegean Exporters Union,  Aegean University, Gazi Techno park and the private sector’s leading companies upon the suggestion of the Minister of Science, Industry and Technology Mr. Nihat Ergün about establishing a techno park focusing on agriculture in the end of 2010 at the İzmir Chamber of Commerce Tax Award Ceremony.

Techno park Izmir was established on a 218-hectare area, in 2002 and is operating within Izmir Institute of Technology. Dokuz Eylül Technology Development area is operating in Dokuz Eylül University, one is at the campus of Tınaztepe while the other is at the campus of Inciraltı. The companies practicing in software, informatics, electronics, advanced material technology, design, and nanotechnology, automotive and renewable energy are in the campus of Tınaztepe. 

ideEge is a techno park located in the campus of Ege University and it began operating, in 2002. Currently, furthermore, over 50 R&D companies are conducting their studies, in ideEge.

İzmir Science Park identified particularly the sectors of software and informatics and the sectors of sustainable agriculture and sustainable energy as a target sector because nowadays technology and internet penetrate each area; agriculture, food, and energy sectors are to become the main strategic sectors at global scale and also because İzmir has great animal and agricultural potential hosting many fertile plains cultivable three times a year along with its renewable energy covering wind, solar and wave energies and İzmir’s unique strategic and geographical position.  

İzmir Science Park’s first building, called Işık Building which has a basement  floor, ground floor and + 2 floors covers 29 research - development offices with a total of 1.598 net square metres rentable area, an Embryonic centre of 200 square metres, 3 meeting rooms of total 84 square metres and 4.599 square metres of storage areas.

 

İzmir Science Park’s facilities are not only limited to those. Entrepreneurs of the area can also use the facilities of the ITOB OIZ Direction Building hosting a conference hall of 200 persons, a meeting room, interview rooms, the restaurant and the sports complex that will be launched very soon, for free.

There is an easy and comfortable access to İzmir Science Park and ITOB OIZ thanks to the İZBAN subway. There are free shuttles from the İZBAN Pancar subway station to the İzmir Science Park.

İzmir Science Park established a technology development centre roof deriving its force from the İzmir University of Economics and the İzmir Chamber of Commerce. This roof rises on three pillars: İzmir Science Park Technology Development Centre, İzmir University of Economics Embryonic Technology Transfer Office and the İzmir Chamber of Commerce Business Angels and Mentor Network.

İzmir is a centre of attraction for foreign capital particularly due to its human resources, its geographical position, and the advantages that it offers.

The number of foreign capital companies in the city is 2.633 as from 2018 April.

 

For More İnformation:

Erdem Alptekin

Research, Entrepreneurship and Development of Professions Department

Expert

Tel    : (232) 498 41 44

Fax: (232) 498 46 35

E-mail: erdem.alptekin@izto.org.tr