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Energy of İzmir


Energy sources has been very important in historical process especially in industrialization and manufacture periods.

Presenting sufficient, clean, of good quality and punctual energy is an important development level of a country.

Nowadays, demand for energy is increasing in return fossil fuel sources are decreasing.

Diversity of energy sources is very important to achieve a sustainable balance of nature.

In near future, depletion of sources due to environmental problems obligated to achieve sustainable development, this is understood in nation-international and individual level.

In this direction, our main aim is to manufacture energy within sustainable development.

Manufacture of renewable energy seems globally inevitable and prior. Izmir’s main energy target is to contribute the Turkish economy by contributing to renewable energy manufacture and decrease external dependence.

Because Turkey has a high potential in renewable energy sources. An important part of this potential is located in Izmir.

Hence, when we look at the renewable energy potential of Izmir;

Wind Energy: İzmir is the city with one of the highest potential among the cities that can produce electricity by using the wind energy regarding Turkey’s Wind Energy Potential Atlas.

Aegean Region has a substantial share in Turkey’s wind energy potential. İzmir, has the third place in terms of Turkey’s wind energy potential. 

In the framework of the REPA work, the wind energy potential of Izmir which is estimated as 11.854 MW corresponding to an area of 2.370 km2 in Izmir, is not completely used. Actually the total energy amount that can be produced from this potential is 31 billion kWh/year.

Solar Energy: It is very important regarding the appropriate air condition of Izmir. The annual solar energy distribution is 1.100-1.600 kWh/m2. Izmir has 1.680 kWh/m2 sun per year. In this concept, it is possible to say that the solar energy of Izmir is above the average solar energy amount of Turkey

Geothermal Energy: İzmir has a great potential in terms of geothermal energy. The regions that has geothermal sources are: Seferihisar (Karakoç, Doğanbey, Cumalı and Tuzla), Balçova-Narlıdere, Dikili (Kaynarca, Bademli, Mud Spas, Nebiler, Kocaoba), Bergama (Beauty Spa, Dübek, Paşa Ilıcası-Allianoi), Çeşme (Ilıca, Alaçatı, Şifne), Aliağa (Ilıcaburnu, Samurlu, Güzelhisar, Biçer, Helvacı), Çiğli-Menemen (Ulukent), Urla (Gülbahçe), Bayındır (Vardar Ilıcaları) and Menderes and Kemalpaşa.

The geothermal energy potential of Izmir is mostly used in residential heating. The geothermal greenhouse heating system is another area where geothermal energy is used. Nonetheless, there is no geothermal electric plant established in Izmir.

The total potential of residential heating corresponds to 212.000 houses however, only 11% of this potential is used and only 3% of the greenhouse heating potential which is about 19.000.000 m2. The diversity of geothermal heating sources in the region allows the expansion of the use.

Biomass Energy: The 330 kW biogas plant that produces from animal wastes and park-garden wastes which was established by TUBITAK-MAM in partnership with Izmir Metropolitan Municipality in Izmir, started operating in 2011. However, it is observed that the biomass potential in Izmir has not been revealed yet.

The agricultural land of Izmir is about 28,5% of her total area. Her share in the total agricultural activity in the Aegean Region is 13%. The total thermal capacity for the production of biomass energy from the livestock sector is 3.656.825 Gj/year.

Wave Energy: The potential of Izmir’s shores is indicated as high in the “Wave Energy and the Technical Potential of Turkey’s Wave Energy” that was prepared based on “Turkish Shore Winds and Deep Wave Atlas” created as a result of the Project NATO TU WAVE sponsored by NATO’s “Science for Peace” department.

The wind potential on the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea create, a concentration of 4-17 kW/m wave power per year. In this direction, the best places to benefit from wave energy are the seas between Izmir-Antalya.

Izmir is a center of renewable energy as a result of her advantages coming from her high potential in terms of wind, geothermal, biomass and solar energy and her geographic location. Since there is a lack of location for wind energy in Europe, our country stands out with its advantages. İzmir is the center for the suppliers through her location on the line Çanakkale, Balıkesir, İzmir, Bodrum, from Thessaloniki to Bodrum.

The use of geothermal source is especially recommended for geothermal electricity in Dikili and Seferihisar and for residential heating in Çeşme. Besides, it is advantageous to invest in districts of Bergama, Dikili, Aliağa, Foça, Karaburun, Çeşme ve Seferihisar in the field of electricity production from wind energy.

Apart from the renewable energy sector Izmir has hydroelectricity plants, wind energy plants and thermic plants and also autoproductors, cogen plants and units of electricity production that belong to the organized industrial zones.

Regarding the natural gas; the use of it in industry is widespread. Especially, a considerable part of the electricity demand of organized industrial zones is met from the natural gas circuit plants that operate in the organized industrial zone.

According to the latest data from Turkish Statistics Institution; the total electricity consumption of Izmir is 16.914.369 MWh. 9.534.094 MWh of this amount is used in the industrial establishments and 2.147.295 MWh of it is used in the business establishments.

Additionally, the refining process of the petroleum products that most of them are imported and constitute almost half of our primary energy consumption is operated in our country. Tüpraş Refinery which is one of the biggest refinery of our country is located in Aliağa which is located in Izmir.

Finally; there is an important investment environment for the renewable energy sector.

The renewable energy technologies in Izmir is expected to have a considerable share in the future of energy market. The increase in the renewable energy investment opportunities and the renewable energy potential of the region create a great capacity to compete.

For more information:

Övgü Pınar
Research, Entrepreneurship and Development of Professions Department
Chief of Entrepreneurship and Development of Professions
Tel: (232) 498 46 83
Fax: (232) 498 46 35
E-mail: ovgu.pinar@izto.org.tr